Are you ready to return to sport after ACL reconstruction?

Are you ready to return to sport after ACL reconstruction

Returning to sport is one of the main reasons why people with ACL injury choose to go undergo ACL reconstruction surgery. However, undergoing surgery does not guarantee return to sport, with only 65% of people who have ACL reconstruction getting back to their same level of sport. And, for those who do get back to sport after surgery (especially jumping, pivoting and hard-cutting sports) there is a risk of re-injury.

How to optimise your chances of returning to sport

If you have undergone ACL reconstruction, and are wondering how to get back to sport safely, here are three things you can do to optimise your chances of a successful and safe return to sport:

1. Pass the discharge criteria with flying colours before you return to play.

Research has shown that passing a battery of tests or discharge criteria prior to returning to sport can significantly reduce risk of ACL re-rupture.

The test battery should include strength tests, functional hop tests and quality of movement tests. Passing all of the assessments in the test battery reduces the risk of re-injury, whereas not passing the assessments can increase the likelihood of re-injury up to four times. Capin et al 2019 concluded that battery tests overall reduce risk of a second ACL injury, ACL re-rupture and any knee injury.

In their return to sport criteria 2019, Burgi et al concluded that the time criteria of 9 months most commonly used backs up the use of battery and variety of tests for return to sport.

Additionally, research from Ardern et al in 2014 advised patients to “always make sure that you are feeling confident and ready to fully return before you do” when considering readiness to return to sport.

2. Do a minimum of nine months rehabilitation before considering return to play.

Delaying return to play until 9 months post surgery or later has been shown to significantly reduce re-injury rate. One study found that for every one-month delay in return to sport the re-injury rate was reduced by 51% (up until nine months after surgery).

3. Get your quadriceps strong and symmetrical.

Quadriceps weakness (when compared to the other leg) can increase the risk of re-injury. A research study showed that for every one-point percentage increase in quadriceps strength symmetry, there is a three percent reduced re-injury. Quadriceps strength should be within 90% of the other leg prior to considering return to sport.

Hamstring strength is also important, with hamstring to quadriceps strength ratio deficits associated with an increased risk of ACL graft rupture.

If your goal is to return to sport after ACL reconstruction, we can help guide you through these steps to get you back to your sport safely and successfully. Call us on 5535 5218.

We previously discussed Prehabilitation – a Key Part of Recovery for ACL Reconstruction in this article.


Webster KE, Hewett TE. Return-to-sport testing following ACL reconstruction revisited. Br J Sports Med January 2020 Vol 54 Nr1

Ardern CL et al. The impact of psychological readiness to return to sport and recreational activities after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Br J Sports Med 2014.

Pearson S-A et al. Keep calm and carry on testing: a substantive reanalysis and critique of “what is the evidence for an validity of return-to-sport testing after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction surgery? A systematic review and meta-analysis’

Grindem H, Snyder-Mackler L, Moksnes H, et al. Simple decision rules can reduce reinjury risk by 84% after ACL reconstruction: the Delaware-Oslo ACL cohort study. British Journal of Sports Medicine 2016;50:804-808.

Kyritsis P, Bahr R, Landreau P, et al. Likelihood of ACL graft rupture: not meeting six clinical discharge criteria before return to sport is associated with a four times greater risk of rupture. British Journal of Sports Medicine 2016;50:946-951.

van Melick N, van Cingel REH, Brooijmans F, et al. Evidence-based clinical practice update: practice guidelines for anterior cruciate ligament rehabilitation based on a systematic review and multidisciplinary consensus. British Journal of Sports Medicine 2016;50:1506-1515.


Our Response to Covid-19

This page is up to date to our best knowledge, however, this is a rapidly evolving situation so we apologise for any potential delay in updating this information.

We want to reassure all our patients that we are following stringent infection control procedures in our clinic, and screen all people coming into the clinic, to exclude any patients that have any signs or symptoms consistent with Covid-19, as well as screening any patients that should be in isolation ie recently returned from overseas, or have been advised to isolate due to recent exposure with a known Covid-19 patient.

All our staff have now completed the Department of Health Covid-19 Infection Control Training.

What are we doing to minimise risk?

  • Screening patients for risk factors over the phone or through text messages before they attend appointments. Those with risk factors or symptoms are advised not to attend & to seek medical advice.
  • Hand sanitiser station at the front of the building must be used before you enter.
  • Following stringent infection control measures within the clinic. This includes
    • Disinfecting all beds, door handles, EFTPOS machine before and after each patient use.
    • Linen changed between each patient and commonly touched surfaces through the practice are cleaned regularly throughout the day.
    • Minimising the distances between clients in the waiting room- some chairs are outside undercover.
  • We have advised our team members not to come to work if they have cold or flu-like symptoms.
  • We are following all Department of Health recommendations for our type of business.

On the 30th March 2020 – the Australian government issued a statement that “People aged over 70, aged over 60 with pre-existing conditions, or Indigenous people aged over 50 should stay home wherever possible for their own protection.”

The decision to come in for physiotherapy treatment really is an individual one – if you feel that your treatment is medically necessary, and are comfortable with the risks of leaving your home and coming to physiotherapy, then rest assured that when you attend our physiotherapy clinic, we are following our strict infection control processes and doing everything we can to minimise your risk whilst in our care. However, we completely understand if you are not comfortable with coming in for treatment.

TELEHealth Consultations

We are offering telehealth consults and home visits (where suitable) for patients who cannot attend our clinic.

Read more about TELEhealth Consultations here.

Staying Healthy

  • Wash your hands often (and for 20 seconds) with soap and water
  • Cough into your elbow or use a tissue to cover your mouth when you cough or sneeze
  • Social distancing practices – Avoiding close contact with others, such as touching, including shaking hands
  • Limit contact with people who are sick, and stay home if you are sick and encourage employees to stay home when sick
  • Get 7-8 hours’ sleep a night to help your immune system stay strong
Please stay safe and take care of each other!

We are monitoring the situation very closely and will make adjustments to our business as we are further informed. Our priority is the health & well being of our patients and our staff. Thanks for your understanding.

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